Laurel's Adventures in Home Repair
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Ceiling Tiles
Styrofoam or Extruded Polystyrene Foam Tiles

 

Styrofoam ceiling tiles have become more popular in the past five years.  With metallic paint, the tiles can mimic the look of the old fashion tin tile ceilings.  It is also a quick and decorative solution to covering up hideous pop-corn ceilings.

I first came across the styrofoam ceiling tiles when I was looking for something to cover-up the popcorn ceiling over my front entrance (foyer) in 2013.  This ceiling section is only 82 inches high. We were always brushing something against the ceiling knocking off the texture.

When I say styrofoam, think of the more modern styrofoam egg cartons.  These tiles are made of the same stuff.  It is lightweight and can be easily gouged or dented.  On an average height ceiling or higher, this should be a non-issue.  If your family is constantly scrapping the ceiling with long objects, this may not be a good option for you.

This page will highlight my experiences purchasing and installing the ceiling tiles on both inside and outside surfaces.
Where to Purchase Tiles

There are numerous websites that sell these tiles.  Hardware stores do sell these tiles BUT, the designs are limited AND they are very expensive.  Stick to an online store for a better selection and cheaper prices.  I have used two different companies:

Ceiling Tiles By Us
http://www.ceilingtilesbyus.com/


Antique Ceiling Tiles
http://www.antiqueceilings.com/

I do not recommend one website over the other.  They both shipped the items promptly and the items were received within one week, undamaged.

Size of the Tiles

Some websites give the dimensions 20" x 20".  Some say 19.5" x 19.5".  They are neither.  The tiles are manufactured somewhere in Europe or Asia, so they use the metric system.  They are 50 x 50 centimeters.  The tiles are closer to 19 5/8" x 19 5/8".  or 19.625".

When determining how many tiles you need, and you are using inches, use 19.625 in your calculations.  This will get you closer to exactly how many you need.
Painted or Un-Painted

Whether you purchase painted or unpainted tiles, this your personal design choice.  I purchased un-painted or white.  I wanted to make my tiles a specific color to match the paint in my home.

If you paint your tiles:

- Use water-based paint only - If you plan to paint your own tiles you can only use water-based paint. (latex, acrylic).  Oil based paint or spray paint may damage the styrofoam by dissolving it. 

- Spray painting is faster - If you have a spray painting machine and a large open area to spray, this will be the faster method.  In my case, I brush painted the tiles two coats of paint.  If you are painting a real dark color, you may need three coats of paint to go over the slick white surface.

- Paint the tiles before you install them.  It is a whole lot easier to paint something at ground level than to paint upside down on a ceiling.  In my foyer, I installed the tiles before painting.  I regretted this afterwards.
What Glue to Use

All of websites recommend using just regular old mastic.  The same stuff you use for installing tile on a floor or shower stall wall.  There is a difference between the brands of mastic.  The difference being the firmness of the mastic. 

Placing the ceiling tiles on the ceiling and pushing up to smash the mastic flat between the tiles and ceilings is hard physical work.  Your neck, arms, and shoulders will tire easily if you are not used to doing this work.

If the mastic is real firm, the harder time you will have to push up, to smoosh the mastic flat. The tile websites recommend AcrylPro which is thick.  I used the generic mastic I bought from a big box hardware store.  This mastic is less firm than AcrylPro. So far, the tiles have stayed put just fine.  In fact, where I had to remove tiles a few weeks later because I had damaged them with my scaffolding, it was very hard to remove.  I had to break off the tiles in little pieces to get it all off.


I bought some AcrylPro when I was at a smaller hardware store and tried it out.  After 10 tiles, I was exhausted from pushing up harder than I was used to.  You can tell that AcrylPro is the better mastic, BUT you will have to put more physical effort into installing the tiles.  I am saving my partially used AcrylPro mastic for some floor tiles. 
Other Issues with Tiles

- Some of the tiles still had the perforated edges.  If not smooth, you can sand them off if you want to.

- The depth of the design varied with every order of 100 that I placed.  Meaning, it was higher on the first tiles I ordered and got flatter.  Like the die was not pressing as hard.  Or the styrofoam was a little thinner.
 


Perforation on edge

Front Entrance Tiles - June 2013
If you are installing the styrofoam tiles over a popcorn ceiling, you do not need to remove the popcorn all the way.  Just rub over the pop-corn with a firm brush to remove any loose pieces.  When doing this, you will make a big mess.  Cover your hair, put drop cloths down, etc.

If you have a lot of humidity in your home, like I did from a swamp cooler, you may have an even bigger mess.  See below.  The entire textured section came off without much work.


Popcorn texture with paint, peeled off easily from the ceiling of entrance way because of humidity

Because this whole area, including the paint, was loose, off it came.

For this ceiling I ordered the ceiling tile shown below by Ceiling Tiles By Us.  I wanted a small scale simple design because the area was so small. 

Total cost for this section was $66 for the tiles.


Ceiling stripped down to drywall


R-55 Modern style ceiling tile

First, you find the center of your ceiling and place the first tile there.  This is the most crucial tile.  It needs to be straight and centered exactly.  All of your other tiles will be placed against it as you work towards the edges.

Once you get to the edges against the wall, you will most likely need to cut your tiles.  Use a sharp blade and a good straight edge.  Once the blade gets dull, change it.

 

Once all of the tiles have been placed on your ceiling, you caulk all of the seams.  Smooth out the caulk with your finger.  I found you get a cleaner caulk line if you do a whole section going horizontally over a whole row.  Wait an hour or so until the caulk dries.  Then do the the rows vertically. 

Once the caulk dries, you can paint your seams.  If you decided to paint your tiles on the ceiling then you paint everything.  If you painted your tiles before installing, then you just paint your seams with the same paint.

If your ceiling tiles are being installed in a room that is being totally renovated and you are installing moulding on your walls next to the ceiling, like crown moulding, you will get a cleaner line if you install the tiles first, then put on your moulding.  You can actually do it either way.


Ceiling tile after installation


Entrance way two years later, November 2015

After two years, the tiles in the entrance way have held up fine.  See photo to the left.

Nothing is pealing off, no cracks in the caulk.  No humidity problems.

Because this ceiling is so low, there have been a few hits to the ceiling, but no damage or noticeable dents.

 
Outdoor Ceiling and Roof Soffit Tiles -  March 13 - August 22, 2015
Before placing the styrofoam tiles on outdoor areas, I researched all over the web for someone else who had done this.  There were a few who had installed tiles on an enclosed porch area. That was it. 

Because the tiles can be damaged easily by something hitting them, you really have to think about this.  How will they also stand up to rain, wind, sun, extreme temperatures, etc?  I decided to take a chance with this.  Consider my house the test house.

The reason why I wanted to do this was the ugly patio ceilings and roof soffit.  Some of the materials used for the ceilings and soffits were Hardie board (compressed cardboard) or plywood.  For the seams, they were covered with a thin piece of moulding that over time, pops off.  The areas with plywood replaced the Hardie board that had been damaged by rain.

Placing the styrofoam tiles outdoors was part of an overall outdoor renovation and repair project that is shown on the Raising the Roof page here...
The hardest decision to make was the style of tile to use.  Since I would be installing this tile on my roof soffit, which has various widths, I needed to select a pattern that could be trimmed a few inches and not "look" like it was chopped off.

Fortunately the width of the soffits going around most of the house was close to the width of the tiles.  So very little trimming, as you will see, was needed.

The style of tile I chose is shown to the right.  One company calls it Malta.  I ordered from both companies mentioned above.  Whoever had the cheaper price at the time.


Malta ceiling tile

Since I had no idea how many tiles I would need for this entire project.  I ordered 100 at a time.  Yes, I could have measured everything to get an estimate but I decided to just order as I needed them.  I had a lot of other work to do besides placing the tiles on.  I set up a paint station in my garage and would paint about 20 at a time over a period of several months.

Outdoor Front Entrance Ceiling Tiles

The first outdoor tile installation was done under the roof that covers the front patio.  During the garage roof construction, the water damaged Hardie board ceiling was removed and replaced with plywood.


Damaged Hardie board ceiling removed


New plywood ceiling installed

During the construction I asked the workers NOT to put on the trim to cover the plywood seams.  I knew the styrofoam tiles would cover the plywood seams.

I could have just placed the tile on the bare wood.  But I wanted a smoother surface so the tiles would stick on the surface better.  So the plywood was primed with an oil based primer.  After waiting a couple days for the primer to dry, I placed the tiles on ceiling, starting in the center.  The moulding along the top of the walls was left off.  A hole was cut for the light fixture.


Tiles being installed on ceiling outside front entrance on primed plywood. 


Ceiling tiles complete and moulding added at top of brick wall front entrance


Front entrance ceiling and adjoining soffit area completed up to the first decorative wood beam

To have the adjoining soffit area match the ceiling, I continued the tile pattern down the side of the soffit and underneath.  Besides the trim that was added at the top of the walls, I added trim along the edges of this soffit.  The reason for this was to seal the tiles edges from water and to make it look better aesthetically.  This vertical edge of the soffit does get hit with rain.
Garage Roof Soffits

After the front entrance area was completed, I shifted to the front of garage.  I needed to finish placing tiles on the soffit on the front garage roof so I could finish up the soffit that led to the front entrance. 

Since all of the garage roof was new construction with fresh plywood, it all received a coat of oil based primer.  When the paint had dried, I started placing the tiles on.

The important part of this section of the installation was the corner piece.  It had to be trimmed and centered so the pattern matched up to the tiles going in two different directions.

So I started on the lower corner of the soffit where the front entrance soffit and the front garage soffit meet and worked my way up.

When I got to the top of the roof, I left the center piece of wood trim on, and cut the tile where it met the trim piece of wood.

I cut the first tile going back down the roof in the same place the other tile was so it would match.  See photo below.

With this particular pattern of tile, the pattern matches, even though it was trimmed.


Started on lower corner and worked
my up garage front soffit


At the top of the roof, the tiles on either side of trim was made equal so the tile pattern would match

After completing the front of the garage, I was then able to complete the rest of the soffit from the front entrance along the east side of the garage roof. 

Because this was a shorter area, I did some measurements.  I discovered that I would be able to fit almost 10 tiles in this area.  It was about 1.5 inches too long.

To cut one tile 1.5 inches shorter than all the others would have looked odd.  So I spread the 1.5 inches over the 10 ten tiles.  I trimmed off about 1/16" on each end (1/8" per tile) which did not cut into the design. 

Over the distance, it came out to 1.5" with a little bit of tweaking.  Overall, it worked out.  After caulking and painting and the installation of the soffit vent covers, you cannot even tell.

With some scrap pieces of tile I also covered the fascia on this section between the wood beams.  This was because the old fascia took a real beating during construction and looked awful.


Soffit under front garage roof caulked and painted


Completed soffit and fascia area on east side of garage with the slightly shortened tiles


Completed soffit and fascia area on east side of garage with the slightly shortened tiles

Now that the front entrance and two sides of the garage soffits were finished, I continued working on the soffits around the garage.


Completed west side of garage


Completed back of garage

After I completed installing the styrofoam tiles on the garage roof soffit, I was back to the front entrance area where I had the roof extended to cover stairs that led to the stucco wall patio.


Roof section that was extended over stucco stairs


Extension over stucco patio stairs tile installation and painting complete

House Roof Soffits

For the house roof soffit over the stucco patio and the west side of the house, I am dealing with old sheet rock (stucco patio) and old Hardie board (west roof) in addition to the newer plywood which replaced damaged areas.  Because I was tight on funds, I only had the damaged areas repaired during construction.

For the stucco patio I needed to make sure the area where the plywood met the piece of sheetrock was level in preparation for the ceiling tiles.  There were some damaged areas on the sheetrock that needed to be filled in.

The stucco patio soffit is about 36" wide.  So I centered the ceiling tiles and made cuts on the inside and outside pieces working from the front entrance to the corner.


Stucco patio soffit with a piece of sheetrock and new plywood


Ceiling tiles on soffit over stucco patio


West side of house with new fascia, new plywood, and old Hardie board


Tiles being installed over old Hardie board


West side of house with ceiling tiles and paint job complete

After working on the west side of the house, I moved to the a small section in the front of the house.  This small section only took a few hours to tile and paint


Small portion of roof over front patio


Small portion of roof over front patio after installing ceiling tiles, painting fascia, and
putting moulding on brick under soffit

The next section of the house was the east side roof soffit.  Most of this section was not touched during construction.  As I did repairs along the roof, I added the tiles.

The one section of the east roof that had new wood was the soffit over the kitchen window.  The entire soffit was ripped out and replaced.

This wider section of the soffit was measured to find the center and the tiles were placed on after the new plywood and fascia were primed.

After caulking and painting this section, I continued up the soffit of the east roof.


East house roof


Extended east roof area over kitchen window with new construction painted with primer


Tiles going on soffit over kitchen window on east house roof


Soffit above window area complete except for corner where electrical wire is.
Still need to add moulding against brick.

Besides the ceiling tiles, I was also stripping paint off the wood beams, covering old siding with new siding, and sanding wrought iron along the way.

If you are only installing the ceiling tiles on your soffits it should be very quick.

You can see the dramatic difference in a section of this roof in pictures below.

Of note on the soffit vents...the former covers for the vents were these round plastic covers that you pop in over the hole.  The problems with the plastic covers are that they get brittle after a few years, break apart, and fall out.

To reach most of these vents on the high sections of the roof is dangerous with a ladder.  So I bought aluminum vent covers that can be nailed or screwed in.  I nailed them.  Now I will not have to worry about the covers falling out like before.



Section of east roof between first and second decorative
 beam above dining room window being worked on


Section between the first and second decorative beam above dining room window complete

If you are doing any repairs around your roof soffits, like I did, it is highly recommended that you do all the other work first and only install your ceiling tiles last to avoid damaging them.

I needed to remove old caulk, sand the old fascia down, remove old moulding, strip the old paint off the wood beams and sand them, install new siding above windows, etc.  All actions that might have accidentally damaged the tiles.


Soffit, fascia, siding, and wood beams up to chimney done

After the east side of the house soffits were complete, I moved on to the back of the house.  The roof edges here at some extensive damage that needed to be repaired.  Old fascia board and the fascia was removed and replaced with new lumber.  After watching the construction crew repair other areas of the roof, I knew what to do.  I had my husband help me with the demolition in this area. 

If you have damaged areas of your roof, you will need to repair it before you place any ceiling tiles on.


Damaged area of roof on the back of the house being repaired.
New fascia, fascia board, and flashing being installed
.


Ceiling tiles in place on this section along with repairs done on side of house

The back of the house has two ceilings besides the soffits.  The balcony ceiling and the ceiling under the balcony.  I will deal with those last.

I had one more section of the back roof soffit.  There were also a bunch of unruly cable wires that needed to be dealt with.

After repairing the damaged fascia and building a box to hide the cable connector in, I installed the ceiling tiles.

After installing the tiles, I ran the cable over the top of the tiles to the side of the house and painted the cables the same color as the tiles to camouflage them.

 


Last section of the roof to work on


Cable box mounted on fascia.  Cables painted to camouflage them.

Ceiling tiles were placed on the ceiling of the balcony next.

For the ceilings in the back yard I laid the tiles out differently.  I did each side of the wood beam separately.  I first found the center and then worked out from the center.

 


Ceiling tiles placed on balcony ceiling


Ceiling tiles placed on back porch ceiling

Now every outdoor area of this house has ceiling tiles covering the ceiling or soffit.  How has it stood up to the weather so far as of November 2015?  After a few hard rains, two days with nickel sized hail, and wind with gusts up to about 60mph, no damage. The tiles are, after all, on the underside of the roof. 

How many tiles did I end up using for the entire house?  About 370.  This includes tiles where I messed up.  I have about 30 left over.  Each tile was hand painted twice.  Total cost, around $1000.  Yes, this was very labor intensive.  But I now have soffits like no other house. 

If I have any problems with these tiles, I will let you know on this web page.  If you come across this web page several years later and I have not put anything else here, you can assume the tiles are doing just fine outdoors.
Main Bath Shower Area - November 22, 2015
There is a ceiling area above the Main Bath bathtub that has been bothering me for years.  Nothing was falling off, but you could tell where the ceiling had been patched before we had moved in.  I should have had it re-textured when the outer part of this bathroom was renovated in 2013.

This is a small area that only measures 61" x 58".  I only needed 9 full tiles plus 1" edges on the 61" side if I do the measurements from the center out.
 


Patched area on ceiling


Ceiling area of Main Bath

I had some leftover tiles from outside tile project. 

I pre-painted the tiles the white color used on the walls.  The only thing I removed was the light fixture.


After tiles installed on ceiling in Main Bath


Ceiling tiles on ceiling in Main Bath

 
November 23, 2015

TO BE CONTINUED....when I add more tiles on the inside of the house in the future

The Projects
HOME PAGE
Backsplash in Kitchen
Balcony
Bench - 2 x 4 Basics Flip-Top Bench Table
Brick Replacement and Brick Accent Painting
Ceiling Tiles
Closet Built from Scratch
Column Wraps for 4" x 8" Posts
Curb Appealing Street Numbers
Cut Paper Artwork - Kitchen
Door Knobs and Cabinet Pulls
Doors
Dry rotted wood beam repair and paint
Doggy door installed on wrought iron screen door - Repair of door
Duct Work
Faux Brick and Tile
- Stucco wall patio and backyard stairs
    using concrete patch

- Painted tile pool deck (Oklahoma)
Fire Place Hearth Shelves
Foundation Issues
Garage Facelift - Closet, etc
Gate From Hell
Horrible Man Cave (rec room) Total Renovation
House Entrance Renovation
How to fix holes in a wrought iron screen door and replace screen
How to Make Your Own Door
- Crawl Space Door
How to Winterize a Swamp (Evaporative) Cooler
Kitchen Counter Tops - Faux Granite
Kitchen Facelift
Kitchen Light Facelift
Laundry Room Cupboards
Main Bathroom Repair / Remodel
Master Bathroom Shower Area Stripped to the Studs
Oklahoma Home Facelift -- Aluminum Siding and Paint
OMG!  The sink was leaking the whole time we were away?
Raising the Roof - Garage Roof Replacement
Rock Wall Repair
Siding - Exterior
Solar Lighting Journey
Stair Door
Stairs to the Lower Level
Stencils - How to Make Your Own Stencils for Paint Projects
Storage Shed / Closet
Storm Shelter (Oklahoma)
Stucco Wall Repair and Paint
Swamp (Evaporative) Cooler Maintenance
Wrought Iron Facelift Outside
Weather Stripping (doors)
Why is My Swamp (Evaporative) Cooler Blowing Hot Air?